The Book of Second Samuel

Introduction

In the Second Book of Samuel, David took the fractured kingdom that Saul had left behind and built a strong, united power. Forty years later, David would turn this kingdom over to his son Solomon. David had a heart for God. He was a king who governed God’s people by God’s principles, and God blessed him greatly. We may not have David’s earthly success, but following God is, ultimately, the most successful decision we can make.

David sinned with Bathsheba and then tried to cover his sin by having her husband killed. Although he was forgiven for his sin, the consequences remained – he experienced trouble and distress, both with his family and with the nation. God is always ready to forgive, but we must live with the consequences of our actions. Covering up our sin will only multiply sin’s painful consequences.

As you read Second Samuel, look for David’s Godlike characteristics – his faithfulness, patience, courage, generosity, commitment, honesty – as well as other God-honoring characteristics such as modesty and penitence. Valuable lessons can be learned from his sins and from his repentance. You, like David, can become a person after God’s own heart.

Writer:

Unknown, some have suggested that Nathan’s son Zabud may have been the writer (1 Kings 4:5). The book also includes the writings of Nathan and Gad (1 Chronicles 29:29).

Date Written:

930 B.C.; written soon after David’s reign, 1050 – 970 B.C.

Purposes:

To record the history of David’s reign; to demonstrate effective leadership under God; to reveal that one person can make a difference; to show the personal qualities that please God.

Complete Outline:

To download a PDF outline of the Second Book of Samuel click here.

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